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3D printing – Who is liable for your defective 3D printed objects?

3D printing is already a well-known concept as it offers individuals the possibility to print objects in a wide variety of materials. In fact, it goes as far as allowing food and medicine manufacturing, and even used for the creation of human tissue.
To print in 3D, the 3D printer needs a CAD file (computer-aided design file) that is the technical drawing containing the design of the object that the 3D printer will read. 3D printing could be a disruptive technology because it is decentralized and inexpensive, and everyone is able to order a 3D print by sending a CAD file online to a 3D printer service provider. This technology, however, poses several problems regarding the control of the final product, the possibility of creating counterfeit products and also harbours some cybersecurity risks. From a legal perspective the main issues in 3D printing are the protection of intellectual property rights and assessing liability for wrongdoings.

FACTS REGARDING PROTECTION FOR INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY:

Intellectual property 
Protection
Owner
Data
Business secret
Creator
Invention
Patent (industrial property)
Inventor
Software code
Copyright
owner
Design
Design protection
Designer
Data base
Copyright

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Authors:
KAROLINA ULLMAN
Attorney at law, Managing Partner
Direct: (+372) 66 76 444
Mobile: (+372) 53 48 91 21
ku@njordlaw.ee

EDUARDO SILVA
Associate, Tallinn
Direct: (+372) 6676 440
eds@njordlaw.ee

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